Monday, August 31, 2015

Install and Configure PHP/Apache on Amazon EC 2 with Ubuntu (With SFTP)


Recently for one of my project we moved our web application to Amazon EC 2. So we had to configure Aapche and setup SFTP there. I faced some difficulties in setting this up so here in blog I am going to explain you the process so it will help you.

First of all login to SSH on your Amazon EC 2 instance. For that first you have to download public key from your amazon EC 2 instance.  You can use public IP of your EC 2 instance to login to SSH.

Open your terminal and type following command.

ssh -i "YourKey.pem" ubuntu@your_ip_address

once you are logged in first of we have to install apache. For that run following command.

sudo apt-get install apache2 mysql-server php5 php5-mysql libapache2-mod-php5

This will install apache, php and MySql with single command. During installation it will ask you for root password of MySql. Once installation is done type public ip in browser and it should show apache startup page. If you see this page that means apache installed. Now lets test PHP.

Go to your apache root directory with following command

cd /var/www/html

There will be one index.html file. We have to remove this and create new file for testing.

sudo rm index.html

sudo vim index.php

This will open vim editor, press i and now you can type in file. Let's create simple php file

     echo "Hello AWS";

press esc and : and type wq this will save file. Now again type public IP in browser and it should show Hello AWS on browser.

Now let's create new SFTP user. But for that first we have to allow password authentication for SSH. Type following command.

sudo vim sshd_config

Find allowPasswordAuthetnciation. It will be set as no, make it yes and save the file and restart SSH service.

sudo restart ssh

Now we can add user with password.

sudo adduser --home /var/www/html username

It will ask for password. Now user is created with same group name. Now we have to make this user, owner of /var/www/html so we can edit files via FileZilla. Now lets fist change ownership of folders and files.

sudo chown -R root:username /var/www/html
sudo find /var/www/html -type f -exec chmod 664 {} \;
sudo find /var/www/html -type d -exec chmod 775 {} \;
sudo find /var/www/html -type d -exec chmod g+s {} \;

That's it now you can use this username and password with SFTP in FileZilla. Hope this helps you.

Thursday, August 27, 2015

Android Cordova 4.0.2 Webview Intercept Requests

Recently I was working on Android cordova app where I was using cordova 4.0.2 version. In this project I have to intercept urls loaded in webview and do some stuff.

In earlier cordova version we can do following.

myWebView.setWebViewClient(new WebViewClient() {
         public boolean shouldOverrideUrlLoading(WebView view, String url)  {

But in newer version of cordova this will not work. So what to do? Here is this blog I am going to explain it.

First of all lets get webView

myWebView = (WebView) this.appView.getView();

Then add WebViewClient to webView.

myWebView.setWebViewClient(new SystemWebViewClient((SystemWebViewEngine) this.appView.getEngine()){
          public boolean shouldOverrideUrlLoading(WebView view, String url) {
          public void onPageFinished(WebView view, String url) {
                   super.onPageFinished(view, url);

As you can see in cordova newer version they have added new class SystemWebViewClient in cordova lib that we have to use for accessing functions like shouldOverrideUrlLoading and onPageFinished.

Hope this helps you. 

Monday, August 24, 2015

PHP Parse SOAP XML Response

Recently in one of my project we were using SOAP service which was having XML response that we have to parse with PHP. For some reason PHP SOAP client was giving some because it XML response was using name namespaces and that was not parsed correctly with SOAP client. Here in this blog I am going to explain how to call XML web service without using SOAP client and parse response with PHP.

We will use PHP cURL. First lets create XML post data.

$postString = '<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi=""                 xmlns:xsd="" xmlns:soap="">
<GetProducts xmlns="">

So that's our post data. Now lets create cURL request.

$ch = curl_init();
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, '');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $postString);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array(
                                            'Content-Type: text/xml; charset=utf-8',
                                            'Connection: Keep-Alive',
$result = curl_exec($ch);

Now you will get XML response in $result which is in string format. We will use SimpleXML class of PHP.

$soap = simplexml_load_string($result);

That will load SimpleXML object. Now we will register namespace.

$soap->registerXPathNamespace('ns1', '');

Now you can use XPATH to go to specific nodes.

$productsResult = $soap->xpath('//ns1:GetProductsResponse/ns1:GetProductsResult')[0]->Products;

$product = $productsResult->Product[$i];
echo "Product ".$i;
echo "Name : ".$product->Name;
echo "SCRef : ".$product->SCRef;
echo "Description : ".$product->Description;
echo "PriceRange : ".$product->PriceRange;
echo "ProductType : ".$product->ProductType;
echo "ProductGroups : ".$product->ProductGroups;
echo "Colours : ".$product->Colours;
echo "ThumbImageURL : ".$product->ThumbImageURL;
echo "LargeImageURL : ".$product->LargeImageURL;

That's it. In the same way you can parse any other XML response.

Wednesday, July 15, 2015

MAMP - Install MSSQL Extension

Recently in one of my project I was trying to connect to MS SQL server from PHP and it was showing error  "Call to undefined function mssql_connect()". That means you are missing MSSQL extension and you have to install it. In this blog I am going to explain how to do this.

First of all you will need FreeTds. FreeTds is the library for linux and unix to communicate with MS SQL server. You can download latest stable release from this link

After downloading it, extract it and go to that directory in terminal and run following command.

$ sudo ./configure --prefix=/private/etc/freetds --with-tdsver=8.0 --sysconfdir=/private/etc/freetds/conf
$ sudo make
$ sudo make install

This will install FreeTds on your system. Now we have to compile MSSQL extension for your PHP version. For that first check which PHP version are you using in MAMP. That you can check in Server -> PHP tab

Check your version and download source code of that PHP version.

Extract it and go to this directory in terminal.

Now run following commands in terminal

$ ./configure --with-php-config=/usr/bin/php-config
$ make

Now go to MSSQL extension directory in PHP source code.

$ cd ext/mssql/
$ /usr/bin/phpize
$ ./configure --with-php-config=/usr/bin/php-config --with-mssql=/private/etc/freetds
$ make

Above command will generate MSSQL module so now go to module directory.

$ cd modules/

Now we have to copy this generated module to MAMP's current PHP extension directory. For that open the ini file of your PHP version. In my case I was using PHP 5.5.3 so my ini file was located at.


Open this file and search for "extension_dir" and you will find following line.

extension_dir = "/Applications/MAMP/bin/php/php5.5.3/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20121212/"

so this is your extension directory. We have to copy module here. So now go to terminal and run following command.

$ cp /Applications/MAMP/bin/php/php5.5.3/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20121212/

This will copy in your extensions directory. Now we have to add this extension in php.ini file.

Now in php.ini file find for the word "; Extensions" below that there are list of extensions. Add following line to the end of the list.

Save the file. Restart your MAMP and run the phpinfo(). You must see following section there.

But wait it won't be there. That means there is something wrong. After wasting almost an hour I figure out that MAMP is actually using different ini file.  So we have to update that. For that go to 


Right click on your MAMP or MAMP Pro icon (if you are using MAMP Pro) and select "Show Package Contents" Now go to Contents/Resources  and open ini file of your PHP version. Now in that file find for the word "; Extensions" below that there are list of extensions. Add following line to the end of the list.

Save the file. Restart your MAMP and run the phpinfo(). You must see following section there.

That's it and now you can connect to MSSQL server with following code.

$con = mssql_connect('MYSQLSERVER', 'username', 'password')
or die('could not connect to server.");

I hope this helps you and saves your time.

Saturday, July 4, 2015

Android ClassNotFound Exception

Today when I was working on my Android project, I ran into strange issue. When I start my app, it crashes with ClassNotFound exception. It was unable to found Main activity class.

I tried so many things like clean - rebuild, removing all the references and add them again, changing target APIs. But it was not working. App never started.

After doing failed attempt for almost half an hour, it came to my attention that src folder in project was a simple folder. There was no package sign on it and when I explore it, all my packages where turned into folders and sub folders and that was the issue. My src folder was not a sources folder and because of that it was unable to found a class.

So to solve this issue.  Right click on src folder Select Java Build Path - > Use as a source folder.

And that's it all the folders and sub folders in the src folder turned into packages and application was working fine. Hope this helps you and save your time.

Saturday, June 20, 2015

Magento Get All Products With Special Prices


Recently in one of my projects we were working with Magento APIs. Where we have to fetch a list of all products with special prices to display hot deals on site. There are no APIs for this in Magento so I decided to write custom logic for that.

Here is how you can fetch it.

First get product collections.

$productCollection = Mage::getModel('catalog/product')->getCollection();
 ->addFieldToFilter('visibility', array(

Then apply filter on product collection to get products with only special prices.

$productCollection->addAttributeToFilter('special_from_date', array('date' => true, 'to' => $todayDate))
                        ->addAttributeToFilter('special_to_date', array('or'=> array(
                        0 => array('date' => true, 'from' => $tomorrowDate),
                        1 => array('is' => new Zend_Db_Expr('null')))
                        ), 'left');

That's it and now it will give you collections of only those products for which there is a special price set.

Now just loop through it and add to array.

$hotDeals = array();
foreach ($productCollection as $product){
        $product = Mage::getModel('catalog/product')->load($product->getId());
$name = $product->getName();
$productPrice = number_format($product->getPrice(), 2, '.', ',');
$specialPrice = number_format($product->getSpecialPrice(), 2, '.', ',');

        $hotDeals[] = array(
"product_id" => $product->getId(),
"product_name" => $name,
"product_image" =>  ($product['image'] == 'no_selection') ? $skinUrl.'frontend/default/default/images/catalog/product/placeholder/thumbnail.jpg' : (string)Mage::helper('catalog/image')->init($product, 'image')->resize(60),
"product_price" => $productPrice,
"special_price" => $specialPrice

And return it as JSON array.

$resultArray['success'] = true;
$resultArray['hot_deals'] = $hotDeals;

echo json_encode($resultArray);

Hope this helps you.

Friday, June 19, 2015

Magento Load Quote Generated By API on Frontend


Recently in one of my project we were using magento to implement checkout process for third party website. Basically we were using Magento APIs to create quote. Now for the paypal payment we were redirecting users to magento url and start checkout process by redirecting them to paypal and on successful payment redirect back to magento site, place and order and redirect them back to their site. Now the problem is when we redirect user to magento site to start checkout process there is no customer or checkout session hence checkout can not be started as shopping cart was empty. In this blog I am going to explain how to load quote generated by API on frontend and start checkout process.

First of all let me explain why we have to this changes. Magento has its own session management on front end. It will not load cart of there is no checkout session found on front end. So we have to store everything in frontend session so magento can remember it.

First of all you have to pass three params when user is redirecting to magento site. Following are three params required.


As on front end we have to set specific store and create customer session with customer_id and load shopping cart. I was using following URL for redirection.


As you can see above we are directly starting checkout process and redirecting user to paypal. But before that we have to set store and generate customer session and load quote. So lets go step by step. First of all open following file.


and find following function.

     * Init Front Controller
     * @return Mage_Core_Controller_Varien_Front
    public function init()

This function is called first for any magento URL request. So here are going to do some initialization steps.

First let's set up the store for which quote id was generated. Add following code to start of init function.

$storeId = '';
//////////////////////////////////////Setting up store id///////////////////////////
        $storeId = $_REQUEST['store_id'];

if( Mage::getSingleton('core/session')->getStoreId()){
$storeId = Mage::getSingleton('core/session')->getStoreId();
case "1" : Mage::app()->setCurrentStore('store1');break;
case "2" : Mage::app()->setCurrentStore('store2');break;
default: Mage::app()->setCurrentStore('store1');break;

First we are checking if there is store id in request then first we are storing it to magento core session. Later we are getting it from session and storing respective store. Please note this is required if you have multiple stores, else you can avoid this. In my case there were multiple stores. 

Now next step is to create customer session. Add following code after above code.

////////////////////////////////////////Setting up customer id////////////////////////
if( Mage::getSingleton('core/session')->getCustomerId()){

Now next step is to store quote id in session so it can be used later.

/////////////////////////////////////////Saving Quote Id//////////////////////////////

Now open following file.


And check following function.

     * Get checkout quote instance by current session
     * @return Mage_Sales_Model_Quote
    public function getQuote()

Add below code to the function after following line.

Mage::dispatchEvent('custom_quote_process', array('checkout_session' => $this));

//////////////////////////////////////////Returning quote stored in session////////////////////////
    $this->_quote = Mage::getModel('sales/quote')->setStore(Mage::app()->getStore())->load(Mage::getSingleton('core/session')->getQuoteId());
return $this->_quote;

That's it and now you can start checkout process with this quote. Hope this helps you.